Tsavo East National Park : Kenya’s earliest and largest national park is Tsavo East National Park. The park occupies an area of 13,747 square kilometers in southern Kenya. The park was established in April of 1948 and is located near the town of Voi in Taita-Taveta county, which was formerly part of the province of Coast. The “theatre of the wild” is home to red elephants that wallow in termite molds and spray themselves with it.
1948 saw the establishment of the Tsavo national park, before it was divided into Tsavo West and Tsavo East for administration purposes. Before the division, the total geographical area of Tsavo national park was 22,000 square kilometers. The park is separated by a road and a railroad line that passes between the two parks.
The Tsavo River, which flows from west to east through the park, inspired the park’s name. Night game drives are only permitted in Tsavo East National Park, the only park in Kenya that permits them. The park shares a border with Tanzania’s Chulu hills national park and Mkomazi wildlife reserves. The park is distinguished by the vast expanse of savannah grassland that dominates the park’s wilderness.
Two rivers provide water to the park: the Athi River and the Tsavo River, which eventually merge to form the Galana River. The park’s vegetation is characterized by semi-arid grassland. The park is one of the world’s biodiversity strongholds.
The Tsavo East National Park is situated in the southwestern region of Kenya, between the capital city of Nairobi and the bustling port city of Mombasa. Additionally, it is near to the beautiful beaches of the Kenyan Coast.
How to reach the Tsavo East National Park
From Mombasa, which is on the coast, or from Nairobi, it is very simple to reach the park. Mtito Andei gates are located approximately 233 kilometers south of Nairobi along the Nairobi-Mombasa road. Additionally, one can enter the park from Malindi via the Western road through Sala Gate. Tsavo East National Park can also be reached via daily flights to the park’s various airstrips, which include Voi airstrip, Satao airstrip, Sala airstrip, Mopeo airstrip, Bachuma airstrip, Cottars, and many others.
The Tsavo East National Park is situated along the Yatta Plateau, one of the world’s longest volcanic flows. The park’s abundance of attractions is a result of nature’s generosity, and the park has much to offer visitors. Below are the most notable features of the Park.
The park is renowned for its vast herds of Red duty Elephants and contains all five of Africa’s “big five” animals: lions, leopards, rhinos, buffalo, and elephants. In addition to giraffes, hyenas, gazelles, and zebras, there are numerous other species. The park is home to numerous species of birds, including the Black kite, lovebirds, crowned cranes, sacred ibis, and many others.
This inselberg can be located in the center of a park that is stratified with ancient stage rock art. It is also a water catchment area that feeds the natural dam beneath the rock, where hundreds of animals and other species come to satisfy their thirst.
The world’s longest volcanic flow, this is the most popular attraction in Tsavo East National Park. From the western side of the boundary above the river Athi to the eastern side, the Yatta Plateau extends. It was formed by magma from Mount Ol doinyo Sabuk and is 290 kilometers long.
The waterfalls were discovered by the European explorer Frederick Lugard, who is honored by this appellation. Many visitors come for both recreational and historical reasons.
This dam was constructed across the River Voi in 1952 and is home to both aquatic and terrestrial fauna.
Activities Tsavo East National park
Visitors to the park engage in a wide variety of activities and adventures. This is due to the park’s outstanding attractions. The following are the most popular pursuits in Tsavo East National park:
This is the most popular activity in all of Africa’s national parks, and every tourist who intends to visit Africa thinks of the Big Five (lions, leopards, buffalo, elephants, and rhinos). During your full-day or half-day game excursions, you can observe a variety of animals in addition to the “big 5”. It is more unique than the only other national park in Kenya where night game safaris are conducted, Tsavo East. The night game excursions provide the opportunity to view nocturnal animals such as bush babies, lions, and hyenas, among others.
Visits to the Lugard Falls and Karibu Dam, as well as other guided treks led by game rangers.
The Park is home to over 500 species of birds. Birdwatchers frequently visit the park to observe both montane and savanna species.
Tsavo East National park remains Kenya’s largest park after its division into West and East Tsavo national parks.