Mahale Mountains National Park

Mahale Mountains National Park :  There are some of Africa’s finest chimpanzee safaris in the remote, beautiful tourist destination of Mahale. This safari attraction is a must-see on your Africa safari vacation. The Mahale Mountains National Park was established to protect the region’s tens of thousands of chimpanzees. It is located on the magnificent, forested slopes of the Mahale Mountains. Its renowned sunsets over Lake Tanganyika make it a must-see for photographers and safari enthusiasts.

The park’s diverse habitats include rainforest, grasslands, alpine bamboo, and woodlands, with over 50 species of animals, the majority of which are monkeys and apes, and over 90 species of fish swimming in the lake’s clear waters. The park is a range of untamed, jungle-covered peaks that rise approximately 2 kilometers above the aquamarine waters of Lake Tanganyika. The best way to experience the geology of this classic Rift Valley Lake, with its sheer escarpment and beautiful sandy beaches, is on a dhow excursion. Another available activity is a trek to a beautiful waterfall in the rainforest

Mahale’s chimpanzees

The population of thousands of chimpanzees is Mahale’s most recognizable feature. Since being studied by Japanese scientists since the 1960s, one group has developed a strong aversion to humans. Walking safaris are an excellent method to observe these fascinating animals in their natural habitats.

Other wildlife in Mahale Mountains National Park

The Mahale woodlands are inhabited by numerous species of animals. Among them are the Colobus monkey, squirrel, porcupine, and mongoose. In the more open savannahs, lions, giraffes, and zebras coexist with a variety of antelope species. The lake is teeming with fish, including several species found only in Tanganyika, making for excellent snorkeling. There are also many lovely forest animals and butterflies to be discovered. Occasionally, warthogs are spotted close the camp.

Climate and weather of Mahale Mountains National Park

As expected, the Mahale Mountains’ altitude varies dramatically. This has an effect on average temperatures, which decrease with altitude. The two distinct seasons, arid (May to October) and wet (November to April), can have a substantial effect on the surrounding environment.

The best time to visit Mahale Mountains National Park

The ideal time to visit is between May and October, during the dry season. Large groups of chimpanzees are more likely to be observed at this time, when the sun is shining on the fish in the lake and the shore is an inviting place to rest. In contrast, Mahale Mountains National Park is open year-round. A visit during the rainy season can be an incredible experience, with views of the neighboring country of DR Congo across the water and incredible lighting storms that illuminate the lake at night.

Getting there

Mahale is secluded and thus unpopulated. Air travel is the easiest and quickest method of transportation. During the high season, from June to October, there are scheduled flights from Arusha and Dar es Salaam to the Mahale Airstrip (three to five hours). There are fewer flights during the off-season. Charter flights are feasible as well.The highways are difficult to navigate and can become impassable during rainstorms. It takes two to three days to drive from Arusha to Kigoma, from which point you must board a boat or an airplane.

From Kigoma to Mahale, there are speedboats (four to six hours) and timber vessels (up to fifteen hours) available by water. The enormous steamship MV Liemba departs from Kigoma twice per week (10 hours).

In contrast, visitors can coordinate their own charter flights. Tanzania is home to numerous charter airlines, including Air Excel, Northern Air, and Regional Air, to mention a few. For private charters, Arusha, Kilimanjaro, Dar es Salaam, Mwanza, and Zanzibar are all viable options. The Mahale aerodrome can only accommodate small aircraft with a maximum passenger capacity of twelve.

Tourist Attractions in Mahale Mountains National Park

The primary attractions of Mahale National Park are chimpanzees and other animals. Forest fauna and flora (Angola colobus, red colobus, red-tailed and blue monkeys, forest birds, alpine bamboo, montane rain forest, etc.), local fisherman, a shore along Lake Tanganyika, the setting sun over the lake, etc., are additional highlights of the park.

Mahale Mountains National Park
Mahale Mountains National Park

Tourist activities to do in Mahale Mountains National Park

Tourist activities in Mahale Mountains National Park are more of a unique experience due to the fact that the park is inaccessible by road and is only accessible by air and water. Exploring Mahale Mountains National Park on foot guarantees tourists a complete dose of wild, living, and hedonistic wilderness exploration as they indulge in the following Mahale Mountains National Park tourist activities.

Chimpanzee Trekking

One of the most popular activities in Mahale Mountains National Park is chimpanzee trekking. The Mimikere or “M” group, which has been habituated so that tourists can have near encounters with these close human relatives in the park’s dense forests, is the focal point for chimpanzee trekking tourists. On your first visit, you may not see any chimpanzees, but it is uncommon to go two or three days without seeing one. Seeing chimpanzees in their natural habitat is an intriguing experience, as a chimpanzee brushes past you on the trail almost without warning and several chimpanzees are visible in a clearing just ahead or high in the treetops.


The Mahale Mountains National Park is a wild frontier that rewards intrepid hikers with an abundance of animals and birds, as well as the opportunity to climb Mount Nkungwe, the park’s foreboding peak and a site of spiritual significance to the Tongwe people, who once lived on the mountain. The Mahale Mountains National Park rewards adventurous travelers with an abundance of animals and birds, as well as breathtaking vistas. Nkungwe is eminently climbable and makes for a fantastic two- to three-day excursion as you hack your way to the summit through tall vegetation and brush under the supervision of an armed park ranger, with camping along the way to enhance the overall experience.

Walking excursions

Tourists also hike the majestic forested slopes of the Park, where they are continuously rewarded with incredible attractions following the hooting calls of chimpanzees and the melodious songs of numerous bird species.

Bird Watching 

Due to the forested Mahale Mountains and lake shorelines, bird viewing is one of the most popular tourist activities in the Mahale Mountains National Park. Bird watching is popular in the forests surrounding the main lodge, which are typically teeming with birds such as guinea fowl, hornbills, and kingfishers on the coasts, as well as many others, all of which can be observed on short hikes through the park’s different woodlands.

Kayaking is a captivating activity that involves paddling a small watercraft with a two-bladed paddle through the water. The ideal time to go kayaking on Lake Tanganyika is when the weather is calm, and you will experience incredible moments as you navigate through canals.

When on safari in Mahale Mountains National Park, snorkeling is one of the pleasurable activities to engage in. Snorkeling at Lake Tanganyika enables you to, among other things, cool off, get up close and personal with beautiful underwater wildlife such as cichlids, hippos, and crocodiles, and photograph animals that come to drink water along the shoreline.

The Mahale Mountains National Park, one of Tanzania’s protected areas, offers sport angling. Sport fishing is a thrilling activity that is only permitted between 7:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. in designated areas with the assistance of a knowledgeable park ranger. Before engaging in exciting sport fishing activities, including catch-and-release, visitors are required to obtain a fishing permit or license from the park’s headquarters.

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