Mikumi National Park : The safari destination closest to Dar es Salaam is suitable for those with limited time for a longer trip. Mikumi National Park is only three to four hours’ journey from Dar es Salaam, is situated on the main road to Zambia and the route to Udzungwa Mountains, Ruaha, and Kitulo National Parks, and shares the same boundary and habitat as Selous Game Reserve to the south. The Mikumi flood plain and the two mountain ranges that border the park are the most prominent features of the park. The flood plain is dominated by grasslands, which eventually merge with the miombo forest that encompasses the lower hills.
Mikumi National Park encompasses 3,230 square kilometers and is home to a wide variety of animals, including bison, wildebeest, zebra, lion, elephant, impala, hippos, baboons, giraffes, warthogs, waterbucks, and eland, all of which can be observed year-round. Crocodiles, monitor lizards, and pythons are some of the reptiles that inhabit the park. Rarely seen are the Sable antelope, which inhabits the park’s southern section adjoining the Selous, the Greater Kudu, leopard, and the wild dog, also known as the African Hunting Dog.
There are approximately 400 bird species in Mikumi National Park, including the lilac-breasted roller, yellow-throated long claw, and bateleur eagle.
FLORA AND FAUNA AT MIKUMI NATIONAL PARK
The landscape of Mikumi is frequently compared to that of the Serengeti. The road that passes through the park divides it into two regions, each with its own ecology. The alluvial plain of the Mkata river basin dominates the northwestern region. This region’s flora consists of savannah with acacia, baobab, tamarinds, and a few uncommon palms. The Rubeho and Uluguru mountains have stunning rock formations in this area, which is farthest from the road. The southeast section of the park contains less fauna and is more difficult to access.
The fauna of the African savannah consists of numerous species. The park is home to a subspecies of giraffe believed by researchers to be the link between Maasai and reticulated giraffes. Other occupants of the park include elephants, zebras, impalas, eland, kudu, black antelope, baboons, wildebeests, and buffaloes. Five kilometers to the north of the park are two man-made lakes containing hippos. There are over 400 distinct avian species in the park.
The Mikumi is part of Tanzania’s wildlife park circuit, which is less frequented by international tourists and more environmentally protected. The preponderance of routes that traverse the Mikumi are destined for Ruaha National Park and the Selous. The ideal time to visit the park is between May and November, during the dry season, when the weather is mild and the views are truly breathtaking.
HOW TO GET TO THE MIKUMI NATIONAL PARK
The park is easily accessible from the Julius Nyerere Airport in Dar es Salaam, the capital of Tanzania. On the day of the safari, the company’s guide will take you up from your hotel or other place of lodging and drive you to Mikumi National Park.
Mikumi National Park is accessible via road and is a four-hour journey from Dar es Salaam. Short safaris, such as a two-day or three-day Mikumi national park safari, are common weekend excursions. Mikumi National Park is close to Ruaha National Park, Selous National Park, and Udzungwa Forest National Park; therefore, visitors can combine their visit to Mikumi National Park with visits to these parks.
Safari Air link, which operates scheduled flights from Dar es Salaam to Mikumi National Park and the remaining southern circuit national parks, is the best option for charter flights to Mikumi and the adjacent national parks.
THE BEST TIME TO VISIT THE MIKUMI NATIONAL PARK
At any time of year, Mikumi National Park is an excellent destination for a wildlife excursion, as it features numerous areas where you can get up close to nature and wildlife in the wilderness. The country has two seasons, however: the dry season from June to October and the rainy season from April to May. The best time to visit Mikumi National Park for wildlife viewing is between June and October, also known as the high season, because there are few rains during this time, causing wildlife to congregate around water pools, making them simple to spot.
The thick vegetation is always simple to penetrate, allowing for glimpses of numerous animals, and the weather is always pleasant and clear, allowing for crystal-clear photography, making this the best time to visit Mikumi National Park for viewing wildlife on safari.
MIKUMI NATIONAL PARK ATTRACTIONS
Attractions located within Mikumi National Park The best time to view wildlife in the Park is between late June and late October, during the middle and conclusion of the dry season. During the rainy season, flora and fauna retreat further into the park, away from the paths, making them more difficult to spot than during the dry season, when they congregate around the water pools to consume and cool off. The following are the highlights of your Tanzanian mikumi safari:
Mikumi national park, also known as the Little Serengeti, is teeming with a wide range of species. The park is home to a large number of large game, including four of the African “big five” animals, excluding rhinoceros. There are immense herds of elephants, buffalo, zebras, wildebeest, hyenas, leopards, lions, sable antelopes, Great Kudu, and many other animals in Mikumi.
Big 5 in Mikumi National Park
Mikumi National Park is one of the few national parks in Tanzania, if not all of East Africa, where endangered African wild canines can be observed by visitors. Since they were infected by the rabbis’ pestilence, the wolf-dog population has nearly vanished. Hundreds of hippos now reside in the two man-made water basins, which have been transformed into hippo viewing areas.
Over 400 species of both permanent and migratory birds can be found in Mikumi’s park, which is one of the city’s major draws. Due to the abundance of wildlife, the park has become a popular safari destination in the southern region of Tanzania. Despite the park’s modest size, the diversity of its ecology and vegetation has attracted a wide variety of avian species.Black-bellied bustard, Secretary bird, Guinea fowl, Ox peckers, Bateleur eagles, cattle egret, Open-billed stork, Yellow-throated long claw, Zanzibar red bishop, Lilac-breasted roller, Martial eagle, Francolin, Superb Starling, Strap-tailed Whydah, and Boehm’s bee-eater are among the most frequently spotted birds. Come on a birding excursion during the wet season to see the majority of migratory European species.
When visiting the Park, the residences are a must-see attraction. The local community encircling the park provides a fantastic introduction to African culture. Locals are organized under the Chilunga Cultural Tourism banner, with knowledgeable facilitators familiar with their history and culture. Their facilities in Morogoro are only a few minutes’ drive from the park’s main entrance. Participate in cultural dances, culinary demonstrations, and other community events. Cultural tourism is one strategy for promoting sustainable tourism because residents are actively involved in tourism management.
As Mikumi National Park is situated in the midst of mountains, mountains are one of the park’s most popular features. The magnificent vistas of the mountains, which have a distinctive formation system, attract more visitors to the park, especially authors, photographers, and academics. Every visitor to Mikumi National Park desires to hike the well-known Uluguru Mountains. Other mountains in the park include the greatest and tallest Malundwe Mountains and the Udzungwa Mountains. It is situated in the center of the national park and connects the Uluguru and Udzungwa mountains as well as Uvidunda. The Malundwe Mountains consist of three peaks, the greatest of which rises to 1290 meters and is located in the southern portion.
The Kinole Falls
Despite not being located within the park, the Kinole waterfalls are one of the park’s most renowned attractions. The Kinole Waterfall is situated a few kilometers from Morogoro. It’s in the Kinole settlement in the Uluguru Mountains. The village containing the waterfall was assigned a name. You can swim beneath the falls or climb to the summit of the cliffs. Local guides can be hired in Morogoro to transport you to the base of the climb deep within the village. Despite being less visited, Mikumi National Park has more tourist attractions for visitors to appreciate during their stay.
TOURIST ACTIVITIES IN MIKUMI NATIONAL PARK
Due to its proximity to Dar es Salaam, the Park has evolved into a wildlife safari destination, attracting an increasing number of explorers, especially those who are obviously interested in weekend gateways, brief safaris that are typically ideal for those with limited time. The most popular activities at the facility include:
A typical African wilderness safari is not considered a safari unless it includes a wildlife excursion. The game drives in Mikumi National Park give visitors the opportunity to investigate and observe species in their natural habitat. Among the highlights of the game drive are the manmade hippo pools, which contain a large colony of swimming hippos. The hippos’ pool occasionally accumulates numerous herds of species, including giraffes, elephants, elands, zebras, and many others. During the game drive, you may encounter a pride of lions, and if you’re fortunate, you may witness them on the search.
The number of avian species in the park is estimated to exceed 400, according to surveys, especially the most recent one. They include migratory birds, savanna birds, aquatic birds, and other species. The remaining species include the red bishop of Zanzibar, yellow-throated long claw, lilac-breasted roller, bateleur eagle, and open-billed stork.
Mikumi National Park offers breathtaking vistas, terrain, and locales, making it an ideal wilderness location for the most memorable picnics. Numerous activities include meals and diversions.
There are two camping areas in Mikumi National Park, one for public camping and the other for private camping. Regardless of the disparities in management, the camping experience at both locations is identical. The campgrounds are open year-round, but the ideal time to visit is from June to November, during the dry season. Private campsites are located in Vuma Hills (Campsite 5) and Nkata Plains (Campsite 1), respectively.a hike through the Uluguru Mountains
The Uluguru Mountains, an extensive mountain range comprising the Eastern Arc Mountains, are located in the extreme north of Mikumi National Park, with the highest point of its primary mountain ridge standing at 2,630 meters. The mountain features a breathtaking landscape and is home to plant, avian, mammal, and amphibian species found nowhere else on earth. Hike along the trails through lugged but lush woodlands to relax and indulge in the genuine authenticity of natural habitats and wilderness to enjoy adventure and scenic landscapes, vegetation, and the stunning biodiversity of popular houseplants and endemic species such as African Violets, impatiens, and begonias.
Guided Nature Walks
Particularly for nature and bird lovers, Mikumi National Park’s savannah plains offer a variety of trails, such as the Lodge trail, Vuma trail, and Kikogoba trail, for getting acquainted with nature and appreciating the park’s features, wildlife, and bird species in their entirety.