Tarangire National Park 

In the southern section of Tarangire National Park, which is renowned for its baobabs and enormous elephant populations, one can observe Tarangire’s calmer side. Tarangire National Park consists of the Maasai Steppe grasslands to the south-east and the Great Rift Valley lakes to the north and west. The northern portion of Tarangire is dominated by the Tarangire River, which flows through increasingly eroded ravines until it exits the park in the northwestern corner and discharges into Lake Burungi. During the dry season, vast marshes in the south become verdant plains.

Although Tarangire is one of only four parks on Tanzania’s often-busy “northern circuit,” many minibus tours either avoid it or allocate less than 24 hours to it. The majority of the park’s campers and lodges are located in the park’s congested northern section. If you visit Tarangire, we advise you to spend a few days in the park’s southern region, which receives few visitors and maintains a wilderness atmosphere.

Where can you find Tarangire National Park?

Tarangire National Park is located in northern Tanzania’s Manyara Region. Tarangire Park, located near Mount Kilimanjaro, is approximately two hours (120 kilometers) from Arusha, the tourism capital of Tanzania. The national park is a part of the Northern Tanzanian Safari Circuit, which is the most popular wildlife observing destination in Tanzania.

Pachyderms in Tarangire

Tarangire is situated to the southeast of Lake Manyara National Park and to the northwest of the Ngorongoro Crater and Serengeti National Park. Located near Kenya’s southern border, Tanzania’s Northern Safari Circuit consists of these exceptional wildlife sanctuaries.

Flora and Fauna of Tarangire National Park

The park’s most prominent features/attractions are the permanent Tarangire River, which spans the length of the park, and the seasonal marshes, which are typically dry for the majority of the year. Tarangire’s vegetation is substantially denser than that of the Serengeti, with densely packed elephant grass, extensive patches of mixed acacia forests, and beautiful riverine forest ribbons.


Consider Tarangire as a component of a larger ecology/ecosystem, and you will understand why game animals alter with the seasons. Some of the park’s species migrate to Lake Manyara or the Maasai Steppe between November and May. From June to October, when these areas become arid, the animals return to Tarangire’s marshes, particularly its rivers. This is the best opportunity to visit Tarangire for a potentially spectacular game viewing safari. Here, elephant colonies, as well as numerous wildebeest and zebra, congregate in vast numbers. Populations of impala, giraffe, eland, and bison are also noteworthy. There are Thompson’s gazelle, Coke’s hartebeest, bohor reedbuck, and both greater and lesser kudu in this region.

Extremely rare localized species such as the gerenuk and fringe-eared Oryx can also be spotted here. There may still be a few black rhinoceros in the park. The Tarangire National Park is home to lions and leopards, but cheetahs prefer the more open southern regions. There are always hyenas, but sightings of wild canines are extremely uncommon.

Tarangire’s Birdlife

Tarangire’s wetland sections are typically green throughout the year, attracting approximately 550 species of birds. The number of avian species known to breed in these marshes may be the highest in the world. Along the Tarangire River, yellow-collared lovebirds are frequently observed in the riverine vegetation. Also found in this region of Tanzania are rufous-tailed weavers and ashy starlings. In the arid regions, ostriches and ground hornbills are frequently observed.


The majority of Tarangire’s vegetation consists of arid, open forests with thorny acacia thickets and an abundance of the park’s signature baobab trees. In addition, there are some beautiful Acacia tortilis trees with flat tops and an uncommon palm tree. In the south of the park, tucked between the undulating forests, is a vast network of marshland.

What is the ideal time of year to visit Tarangire National Park?Wildlife congregates along the Tarangire River and in its marshes in search of sustenance and water. Throughout the arid season From June to October, the game park’s dense undergrowth thins, allowing for better wildlife viewing, making this the ideal time to go on a Tarangire safari to view wildlife.

From June to October, during the arid season, the Tarangire River attracts enormous herds of animals. Currently, the elephant population is enormous. Include this park in your itinerary for northern Tanzania. During the arid months of June through October, a large number of elephants congregate. After migrating from Masaai Mara, wildlife congregates along the river.

How to Get to Tarangire

Kilimanjaro International Airport, located a few kilometers from Arusha, serves as the entrance to Tarangire National Park. After landing at Kilimanjaro International Airport, you can reach Tarangire via road conveyance, which is approximately a three-hour drive. Tarangire is located in the south-east corner of Manyara National Park, roughly 120 kilometers from Arusha. Tarangire is one of the most seasonal parks in northern Tanzania, with abundant migratory activity within the park’s larger ecosystem.


Tanzania has the largest elephant population.

The Tarangire National Park’s elephant population, which is regarded as the highest in Tanzania, is one of the primary attractions that have contributed to its becoming a world-renowned safari park. As the dry season progresses from June to October and the terrain becomes increasingly arid, you will encounter elephant herds of up to 300 individuals foraging for underground water sources in the dried riverbed of the Tarangire River.

The advent of the rains, on the other hand, provides abundant pastures and water, causing the animals to disperse throughout the park; however, these land giants can still be seen during the rainy season due to the large number of elephants that reside here.

Other Animals and Wildlife in Tarangire

This park is home to a variety of animals, including zebras searching for underground streams in dry river beds and populations of up to 300 elephants. Around the diminishing lagoons, migratory wildebeest, eland, gazelle, impala, zebras, kudu, rhino, hartebeest bison, and other smaller species congregate. Frequent sightings are also made of dry country antelopes such as the long-necked gerenuk and the fringe-eared Oryx. As in every other park in northern Tanzania, the dense forest typically conceals the most dangerous predators, who are always present but difficult to detect.

Birdlife in Tarangire

Enjoy seeing a variety of exotic and beautiful bird species. Tarangire’s marshes are home to approximately 550 distinct avian species. Tarangire is a well-known safari destination for bird enthusiasts who are captivated for extended periods. Crested francolins, hoopoes, yellow-necked sparrow, hornbills, guinea fowl, steppe eagles, brown parrots, the enormous lappet-faced vulture, white-bellied go away bird, bateleur eagles, moosebirds, Kori bustards, yellow-collared lovebirds, bee-eaters, lilac breasted are some of the common birds to be seen in your Tarangire safari holiday.

The giant baobab tree

The baobab tree, also known as the Tree of Life, is an additional distinguishing feature of Tarangire National Park. It has a “gigantic” trunk that can carry up to 300 liters of liquid and 1,000 liters of water. They have a lengthy life expectancy of up to 600 years. This tree’s fruits are an important source of nutrition for a variety of animals. In contrast, elephants refine their enormous tusks on the bark of these trees.

Tarangire National Park 
Tarangire National Park

The Wetlands

The park consists of a vast network of marshes found predominantly in the southern and eastern regions of Tarangire. These wetlands are home to tree-climbing pythons, Silale-swamp lions, African wild dogs, cape buffaloes, and even elephants. Donaldson-nightjar and Smith’s the Vulturine Guinea fowl are two of the bird species present in this region.


Game drives 

In this region, game drives are the primary safari activity, but walking excursions are available for those who live outside the park’s boundaries.

Night Game Drives

Can nocturnal game drives be conducted in Tarangire? Although Night Game Drives are permitted in the park, not all lodges and tour companies offer this activity. These excursions are only permitted to be led by individuals who have adhered to all of TANAPA’s policies and procedures.

Balloon Safaris

As you soar above the Tarangire’s trees on a hot air balloon excursion, you’ll have a unique perspective on wildlife such as lions and ungulates below you.

Bird watching

This is another popular activity in Tarangire, Tanzania, where birdwatchers can observe a diversity of bird species and make their safari to Tarangire more enjoyable.

Walking safaris

This will provide you with a deeper comprehension of the smaller animals in the wild, as well as a more effective strategy for spotting them without disturbing them. Take an excursion to a Masaai or Barabaig village with several antique murals near Kolo on the route to Dodoma to experience an alternate universe.

Depending on your interest in wildlife and bird watching, you can explore Tarangire National Park on your Tanzania safari. The dry season, which spans from June to September, is the best time to go on safari in Tanzania and to see the most animals.

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